Several adaptations such as the differentiation of plant body into stem, leaves, and roots, thick cell walls to support the plant on the land, photosynthesis, and production of spores occur in mosses when they descended from algae. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Distribution. These mosses form in densely packed clumps. Frond. retention and photosynthetic water-use capacities suggest two contrasting adaptations to a void damage . during dehydration: ... (e.g. the Polytrichaceae or Dicranum scoparium) lose . More Accounts and Images; CalPhotos (DISC71) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DISC71) … The 4, well-developed, toothed ridges along the back of the midrib are characteristic of this species. 126. Gametophyte. Leaves - irregularly curled and wavy when dry, not wrinkled, lance-shaped, 3 - 5 mm long, pointed, concave below, tube-shaped above; smooth-edged or toothed near tip. Broom forkmoss can be found across North America (except Labrador, North Dakota, Texas and Nevada), Europe, Asia, as well as in Australia and New Zealand. UKSI Common Name Source; Broom Fork-moss preferred: UKSI Classification unranked Biota kingdom Plantae phylum Bryophyta class Bryopsida order Dicranales family Dicranaceae genus Dicranum species Dicranum scoparium. This species grows in coarse and fairly robust glossy yellow, green or dull, dirty-green to brown turfs. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Mosses are a convenient model to study stress responses of plants because of their remarkable stress tolerance. Broom moss is often used by florists to make banks of green in show windows. Sporophytes - 1 - 5 stalks per plant, 2 - 4 cm long; capsules 2 - 4 mm long, inclined or horizontal, curved. and Dicranum scoparium Received for publication December 20, 1983 and in revised form June 10, 1984 EVA-MARI ARO*l, ALAIN GERBAUD, AND MARCEL ANDRtE Departement de Biologie, Service de Radioagronomie, CEN Cadarache, BP 1, 13115 Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance, France ABSTRACT Photosynthetic CO2 and 02 exchange was studied in two moss species, Dicranum is in the family Dicranaceae in the subclass Bryidae, division Bryophyta. Sporophytes - often present, produced at plant tips; stalk single, straight, long; capsules curved, inclined, cylindrical, smooth; capsule teeth single. The species name polysetum, from the Latin poly, 'many' and seta, 'a stiff hair', refers to the several slender stalks (with spore capsules) per branch - most Dicranums have only 1 capsule per branch. Dicranum Scoparium Incubated with Acetate-2-14C Pei-Hsing Lin Wu 200 Book Review 161 Date of issue—September 10, 1974. Wetland Status. (e) Cuspidate Tufts. Omissions? The apical leaves are rolled round each other so as to form a sharp-pointed tip to the shoot. The species named flagellare, from the Latin flagellum, 'a whip', refers to the stiff, whip-like branchlets. Wheldon (25) says that " many tufted mosses growing in open places have long- Dicranum scoparium var. – dicranum moss Subordinate Taxa. [WITH THREE FIGURES IN THE TEXT.] Native Introduced Native and Introduced. This species is often called 'electric eels' because the wavy leaves resemble miniature eels, and they stand out like they have been hit with an electrick shock. (e) Cuspidate Tufts. Cecalyphum condensatum (Hedw.) Pleurocarps grow in a prostrated position. Knight and Ackerly, 2002; Knight et al., 2005). Dicranum scoparium Hedw. Amblystegium serpens Go to results page; Amblystegium varium; This plant has no children Legal Status. Corrections? Leaf Structure: Related Links. In continuing your browsing of this site, you accept the use of cookies to offer you suitable content and services and realize visits statistics. How to recognize broom moss: Dicranum scoparium is a robust densely tufted cushion moss with long narrow leaves that grow asymmetrically like bent swords (falcate) and are all swept to one side of the stem (secund).The 5-9 mm leaves are concave below and keeled above, usually with 2-4 toothed ridges above on the back of the costa. The Plants Database includes the following 27 species of Dicranum . Dicranum scoparium Hedw. Cushion mosses (Dicranum spp.) Perhaps this is the reason that sporophytes are so common on the Dicranum mosses. However, the habit of the leaves varies from strongly falcate-secund, i.e., the swept state, to straight and erect, especially prevalent in northern plants. Broom moss (Orphan Lk) 2.JPG 2,560 × 1,920; 804 KB. The record derives from Tropicos (data supplied on 2012-04-18 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 35124149 ) with original publication details: Sp. (continued from p. 169). Broom moss, (Dicranum scoparium), the most common species of the wind-blown moss genus Dicranum.This species occurs from Alaska to California and also in the southeastern United States, as well as in Mexico, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand. By Latin name. In North America these are commonly found in Jack pine or Red pine stands. -- Discover Life Dicranum scoparium is a soft brilliant green moss species which grows in mounds and prefers acid soils or rock substrates. Reason that sporophytes are so common on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get stories. Dicsc: Taxon identifier i: Dicranum scoparium Incubated with Acetate-2-14C Pei-Hsing Lin Wu 200 Book 161..., the upper leaf cells of broom moss, ( Dicranum scoparium Taxonomy! 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