Religion is truly everywhere. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. The following statistics are for Peruvians of 12-years of age and over, totaling 20,850,502 (Peru has a total population of 29,248,943): Inuit beliefs are a form of shamanism (see below) based on animistic principles of the Inuit or Eskimo peoples. Religions: Christian 85.5% (Protestant 33.4%, Catholic 20.6%, Evangelical 20.4%, African Instituted Churches 7%, other Christian 4.1%), Muslim 10.9%, other 1.8%, none 1.6%, don't know/no answer 0.2% (2019 est.) Most Hindus believe the soul, or atman, is eternal, and goes through a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth (samsara) determined by one's positive or negative karma, or the consequences of one's actions. The Mijikenda offer sacrifices and prayers in holy shrines in the Kaya forests. The government has denied this. African Countries With Islam As The Religion Of The Majority, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. Religion In Kenya: An Introduction. Source: CIA World Factbook - This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020, Christian 85.5% (Protestant 33.4%, Catholic 20.6%, Evangelical 20.4%, African Instituted Churches 7%, other Christian 4.1%), Muslim 10.9%, other 1.8%, none 1.6%, don't know/no answer 0.2%. ... who make up about 80 percent of Kenya… Islam is the second-largest religion in Kenya, behind Christianity, totaling about 11 percent of the population, or 4.3 million people. It gives people the freedom to worship, practice, observe, or teach any religion, as well as the freedom to debate and discuss in regard to religious questions and matters. Many protestant theologies emphasize the primary role of scripture in their faith, advocating individual interpretation of Christian texts without the mediation of a final religious authority such as the Roman Pope. Traditional Kikuyu religion states that Mount Kenya is God’s abode. Due to corruption inside the government agencies, those operating against Christians tr… Orthodox Christianity: The oldest established eastern form of Christianity, the Holy Orthodox Church, has a ceremonial head in the Bishop of Constantinople (Istanbul), also known as a Patriarch, but its various regional forms (e.g., Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, Serbian Orthodox, Ukrainian Orthodox) are autocephalous (independent of Constantinople's authority, and have their own Patriarchs). They have a deep presence in South Africa, Kenya, Mauritius, Zambia as well as Kenya. Muslims, predominately ethnic Somalis, have in recent times complained of being targets of government-directed extra-judicial killings, arbitrary arrest, detention, and deportation. Shintoism - A native animist tradition of Japan, Shinto practice is based upon the premise that every being and object has its own spirit or kami. Kenya is an East African nation with an estimated population of 46.79 million people, according to estimates from 2016. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. Coming to the history of education in Kenya before independence; the first western education in Kenya was introduced by the missionaries. The development of Indigenous Christianity began during the colonial period. Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. Thankfully, religion is not a divisive issue in Kenya, and has had nothing to do with the sporadic outbreaks of 'ethnic violence' that have plagued the country since the early 1990s. Muslims believe Muhammad is the final of all religious prophets (beginning with Abraham) and that the Qu'ran, which is the Islamic scripture, was revealed to him by God. Catholics believe the Pope is the divinely ordered head of the Church from a direct spiritual legacy of Jesus' apostle Peter. After the railway line reached Nairobi in 1899, the Holy Ghost Mission moved there. Sister Irene Stefani, who was beautified in 2015, was part of the Consolata Missionaries who were stationed in Nyeri. Muslims are amassed for the most part in the Coastal and North Eastern Regions. Sikhs follow the teachings of Nanak and nine subsequent gurus. The key ethical tenets of Zoroastrianism expressed in its scripture, the Avesta, are based on a dualistic worldview where one may prevent chaos if one chooses to serve God and exercises good thoughts, good words, and good deeds. Mormonism (including the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints): Originating in 1830 in the United States under Joseph Smith, Mormonism is not characterized as a form of Protestant Christianity because it claims additional revealed Christian scriptures after the Hebrew Bible and New Testament. It gives people the freedom to worship, practice, observe, or teach any religion, as well as the freedom to debate and discuss in regard to religious questions and matters. Its teachings are found in the Quran, its most sacred text. Less than 5% of the population says they are atheist or do not believe in a higher power. The Book of Mormon maintains there was an appearance of Jesus in the New World following the Christian account of his resurrection, and that the Americas are uniquely blessed continents. Currently, Kenya’s population is estimated to have hit over 40 million. Religious diversity score: The probability of two people chosen at random having different religions. Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. In the minority, are those from the Shia and other non-Sunni branches of Islam, accounting for only 1.7% of the population. The country has multiple ethnic groups that occupy different regions in the nation each with their language. Most Africans are Christians, but is Christianity an African religion? Much of the remaining 4-5 percent of the population adheres to various traditional religious beliefs. Taoism encourages a principle of non-force, or wu-wei, as the means to live harmoniously with the Tao. The Catholic Church has a comprehensive theological and moral doctrine specified for believers in its catechism, which makes it unique among most forms of Christianity. On the other hand, agnostics neither believe nor disbelieve, claiming that it is not knowable. Muslims, predominately ethnic Somalis, have in recent times complained of being targets of gove… Kenya has always been a country rich in cultural, traditional and social values. In regard to religion it is usually characterized as neither a belief nor non belief in a deity. Currently, 27.3 % of the population of Kenya is urban (14,362,838 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in Kenya is 92 people per Km 2 (239 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 569,140 Km2 (219,746 sq. Its sacred texts include the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament (or the Christian Gospels). Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Kenya Religion, Economy and Politics. Adherents believe that salvation comes through Jesus' death and resurrection, like Christianity, but additionally that living a spiritually pure life following strict codes of conduct is required for salvation. The Kenya people are made up of 3 primary groups i.e. Islam is a religion that was started by the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia. A recent Pew Forum survey indicates that 82 percent of Kenyans consider religion to be ‘very important’ in their life and 70 percent attend weekly religious services. The demographics of Kenya show that the country has one of the highest population growth rates in the world. Protestants are the majority in Kenya at 47.7% of the total population. What is the Oldest Religion in the World? Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Islam arrived in Kenya around the Eighth Century. The Peruvian National Census, completed in 2007 supplies information regarding the nation’s religious attitude. Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. The Shia believe Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law, Ali, was the only divinely ordained Imam (religious leader), while the Sunni maintain the first three caliphs after Muhammad were also legitimate authorities. Religion in Eritrea mainly consists of Abrahamic faiths.Since May 2002, the Eritrean government has officially recognized the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church, the Eritrean Catholic Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Eritrea, and Sunni Islam.All other faiths and denominations are in principle required to undergo a registration process; in practice they are not allowed to register. The Orthodox Christian faith shares many theological tenets with the Roman Catholic Church, but diverges on some key premises and does not recognize the governing authority of the Pope. They were the Portuguese Roman Catholics. Kenya - Religion The US government estimates the total population at 44 million (July 2013 estimate). Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. In terms of age, the Kenya population figures indicates there are more people in the younger age bracket than the elderly, with the age bracket of 0 to 15 making up a huge percentage. Catholicism is comprised of 23 particular Churches, or Rites - one Western (Roman or Latin-Rite) and 22 Eastern. Kenya natives had their indigenous religions that were unique to every community before the arrival of Islam and Christianity. These indigenous groups make up 99 percent of the population and the remaining 1 percent consists of non-African groups (Arab, European and Asian). The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. The country has multiple ethnic groups that occupy different regions in the nation each with their language. Modern Judaism has three basic categories of faith: Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform/Liberal. Shamanism: beliefs and practices promoting communication with the spiritual world. Badimo: a form of ancestor worship of the Tswana people of Botswana. The equator runs through the country. Bishop Allgeyer is credited with taking the initiative to penetrate the Kenya interior. The country is known for its diversity, and these religions coexist together peacefully, except for recent tensions caused by Islamist extremism. Other forms of Christianity are followed by 11.9% of the population. Islam and Christianity were both brought into the country from outside — Islam by Arabs, and Christianity by Europeans. In shaman-based religions, the shaman is also responsible for leading sacred rites. Demographics of Kenya 2019. Kenya borders five countries including Ethiopia, Uganda, Tanzania, Somalia, and South Sudan. Denominations in the country include the Roman Catholic, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Anglican Church of Kenya, Presbyterian Church of East Africa, Reformed Methodist, Lutheran Church, Baptist Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church. Eastern-Rite Churches, such as the Maronite Church and the Ukrainian Catholic Church, are in communion with Rome although they preserve their own worship traditions and their immediate hierarchy consists of clergy within their own rite. Roman Catholics comprise 23.4% of the Kenyan population. The percentage of women of childbearing age who use a family planning method rose from single digits in the 1970s to about 33 percent in 1993. Judaism - One of the first known monotheistic religions, likely dating to between 2000-1500 B.C., Judaism is the native faith of the Jewish people, based upon the belief in a covenant of responsibility between a sole omnipotent creator God and Abraham, the patriarch of Judaism's Hebrew Bible, or Tanakh. Adherents are required to evangelize and to follow a strict moral code. Its capital is Nairobi. Protestant Christianity: Protestant Christianity originated in the 16th century as an attempt to reform Roman Catholicism's practices, dogma, and theology. Before the arrival of Christianity and Islam, the different Indigenous tribes had their own religious beliefs. The colonization of Kenya by the British attracted more missionaries, such as the Church of Scotland. lies at an average height of 762 meters above sea level. Islam is the religion of roughly 11.1% of the Kenyan population. Religions > All: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with the … The land has a total area of 580,370 km² and a total coastline of 536 km. A recent Pew Forum survey indicates that 82 percent of Kenyans consider religion to be ‘very important’ in their life and 70 percent attend weekly religious services. Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The first volume of the census reports had been published in November 2019, presenting the population by country and sub … In modern Islam, Sunnis and Shia continue to have different views of acceptable schools of Islamic jurisprudence, and who is a proper Islamic religious authority. Prior to the end of World War II, Shinto was the state religion of Japan, and bolstered the cult of the Japanese emperor. Approximately 80 percent of the population is Christian and 10 percent is Muslim. The Constitution of Kenya, along with other laws of Kenya, prohibits the discrimination of people because of their religious beliefs and protects their religious freedoms. Jainism - Originating in India, Jain spiritual philosophy believes in an eternal human soul, the eternal universe, and a principle of "the own nature of things." Alawis live mostly in Syria, Lebanon, and Turkey. These indigenous churches, as a collective, are growing faster than traditional or mission-founded churches. Adherents simultaneously worship Jesus Christ and Palauan goddesses. Catholicism was first introduced by the Portuguese in the Fifteenth Century, but would only spread during the Twentieth Century The Roman Catholic Church missionary outreach in East Africa began with the French Congregation of the Holy Ghost among freed slaves at the Coast. Their scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib - also known as the Adi Granth - is considered the living Guru, or final authority of Sikh faith and theology. It recognizes the Abu Bakr as the first caliph after Muhammad. Now, Protestants are the largest group of Christians in the country. Most Muslims in Kenya are Sunni, for the most part of the Shafii ceremony. Gender Sector Statistics Plan. These differ in their views and observance of Jewish law, with the Orthodox representing the most traditional practice, and Reform/Liberal communities the most accommodating of individualized interpretations of Jewish identity and faith. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Traditional beliefs     Animism: the belief that non-human entities contain souls or spirits. In addition to converting the Africans into their religion, the missionaries brought education and modern healthcare. It was introduced to Kenya by John Ludwig Krapf, a German Missionary from the Church Missionary Society (CMS), who arrived in Kenya in 1844. Shinto practitioners worship several particular kamis, including the kamis of nature, and families often have shrines to their ancestors' kamis. Islam is the second largest religion in Kenya, practiced by 10.91 percent of Kenyans. The goal of religious life is to learn to act so as to finally achieve liberation (moksha) of one's soul, escaping the rebirth cycle. He wrote the first Swahili Bible. As of 1 January 2020, the population of Kenya was estimated to be 51,807,781 people. Haitian and Louisiana Voodoo, which have included more Catholic practices, are separate from West African Vodun, which has retained a focus on spirit worship.Non-religious     Agnosticism: the belief that most things are unknowable. Then came the Consolata Fathers in 1902, which spread into Kiambu, Limuru, Mang’u, Thika, Nyeri, and Meru. Statistics are spotty but those that are available underscore the religiosity of Kenyans--97 percent of the population ascribes to a religion. However, Islam also has a significant presence. When we examine the diversity of religion in Kenya, the World Factbook gives us a breakdown of Christian 83% (Protestant 47.7%, Catholic 23.4%, other Christian 11.9%), Muslim 11.2%, Traditionalists 1.7%, other 1.6%, none 2.4%, and unspecified at 0.2% of the population, as estimated in 2009. 97.6% of the population has a religious belief. Kenya, country in East Africa famed for its scenic landscapes and vast wildlife preserves. Santeria: practiced in Cuba, the merging of the Yoruba religion of Nigeria with Roman Catholicism and native Indian traditions. According to a report on CIA World Fact book, Kenya population hit 41.7 in July 2011. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot ( various years ), ( 5 ) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and ( 6 ) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme. Kenya’s population growth is one of the highest in the world. Other religions in the country include Hinduism and traditional African religions. Christianity - Descending from Judaism, Christianity's central belief maintains Jesus of Nazareth is the promised messiah of the Hebrew Scriptures, and that his life, death, and resurrection are salvific for the world. It is active in providing education, health, and other social services. Taoism - Chinese philosophy or religion based upon Lao Tzu's Tao Te Ching, which centers on belief in the Tao, or the way, as the flow of the universe and the nature of things. Protestantism began in the 16th Century when Martin Luther led a break with the Roman Catholic Church in Germany. Islam derives from the word submission, and obedience to God is a primary theme in this religion. Basic Groupings    The two primary branches of Islam are Sunni and Shia, which split from each other over a religio-political leadership dispute about the rightful successor to Muhammad. Kirant: the belief system of the Kirat, a people who live mainly in the Himalayas of Nepal. Kenya is a country in East Africa. Religions: Christian 85.5% (Protestant 33.4%, Catholic 20.6%, Evangelical 20.4%, African Instituted Churches 7%, other Christian 4.1%), Muslim 10.9%, other 1.8%, none 1.6%, don't know/no answer 0.2% (2019 est.) Alawites are a closed, secretive religious group who assert they are Shia Muslims, although outside scholars speculate their beliefs may have a syncretic mix with other faiths originating in the Middle East. Ismailis are located in various parts of the world, particularly South Asia and the Levant. Muslims are most prominent in the Coast and North Eastern Regions of the country. The Muslims number around 10% of the population, and are especially located in the coast area around Mombasa. The religion also has a good percentage of followers in Egypt and other parts of North Africa where it was first introduced. Atheism: the belief that there are no deities of any kind. There is no official State religion, although the Moi administration has increasingly tried to associate itself with Christianity, perhaps in … Inspired by Islamic radicals in Somalia, Muslim politicians have made it their agenda to eliminate Christianity in Kenya. The demographics of Kenya show that … Christianity dominates the population of Kenya, with almost half of Kenyans identifying as Protestant. At 9.9% of the population, the majority of Muslims in Kenya belong to the Sunni denomination in the Shafi School of jurisprudence. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia. Kenya is an East African nation with an estimated population of 46.79 million people, according to estimates from 2016. Data have been collected since 1948 through a set of questionnaires dispatched annually to over 230 national statistical offices and have been published in the Demographic Yearbook collection. Its key beliefs center on a transcendent creator God, Ahura Mazda, and the concept of free will. The total population is estimated at 48,245,079 inhabitants as of January 2017, compared to only 6,077,000 in 1950. Protestant denominations include the Anglican Church of Kenya, and the Presbyterian Church, Methodist, Baptist, Lutheran, and Pentecostal churches. Currently, 27.3 % of the population of Kenya is urban (14,362,838 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in Kenya is 92 people per Km 2 (239 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 569,140 Km2 (219,746 sq. Salient features of traditional African Religions include reverence for the ancestors, awareness of the physical world and physical phenomena, and ritual sacrifices. Other religious denominations include Muslim (6 percent), and smaller numbers of Hindus, Sikhs, and Bahais. Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews expensive ceremonies and temples and relocates the primary practices into the home. We read every letter, fax, or e-mail we receive, and we will convey your comments to CIA officials outside OPA as appropriate. Divine revelation of principles and prohibitions in the Hebrew Scriptures form the basis of Jewish law, or halakhah, which is a key component of the faith. Kenya’s education system is a mixture of religious, social-cultural, artistic, and traditional aspects of life. Zoroastrianism - Originating from the teachings of Zoroaster in about the 9th or 10th century B.C., Zoroastrianism may be the oldest continuing creedal religion. The demography of Kenya is monitored by the Kenyan National Bureau of Statistics.Kenya is a multi-ethnic state in the Great Lakes region of East Africa.It is inhabited primarily by Bantu and Nilotic populations, with some Cushitic-speaking ethnic minorities in the north.Its total population was at 47,564,296 as of the 2019 census. The majority of these are found in Western Kenya among the Luo and Luhya communities. ), Hinduism is an extremely diverse set of beliefs and practices with no single founder or religious authority. Jain philosophy teaches non-violence and prescribes vegetarianism for monks and laity alike; its adherents are a highly influential religious minority in Indian society. Hindus may worship one or many deities, usually with prayer rituals within their own home. The Baha'I Faith community has over 2 million followers. The Catholic Church in Kenya is one of the biggest owners of land and property in the country. The predominant religion in Kenya is Christianity, which is adhered to by an estimated 85.52% of the total population. Religions: Christian 83% (Protestant 47.7%, Catholic 23.4%, other Christian 11.9%), Muslim 11.2%, Traditionalists 1.7%, other 1.6%, none 2.4%, unspecified 0.2% (2009 est.) This is an increase of 2.65 % (1,337,463 people) compared to population of 50,470,318 the year before. Mormonism believes earlier Christian traditions, such as the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant reform faiths, are apostasies and that Joseph Smith's revelation of the Book of Mormon is a restoration of true Christianity. These account for 1.2% of the Kenyan population. There are more than 4,000 registered churches in Kenya, from a mix of denominations such as Anglican, Methodist, Baptist and a variety of newer Pentecostal churches. Kenya --Religion Approximately 70% of Kenyans are Christians (38% Protestant, 28% Catholic); about 25% are adherents of indigenous religions; 6% are Muslim. The Latin Rite is by far the largest, making up about 98% of Catholic membership. Tensions in the country between Christians and Muslims have heightened in recent years due to the rise of Islamist radicalization, and terrorist attacks in the country orchestrated by Al-Shabaab, a Somali-based Islamist terror group. Sunni Islam accounts for over 75% of the world's Muslim population. Shamanistic beliefs are organized around a shaman or medicine man who - as an intermediary between the human and spirit world - is believed to be able to heal the sick (by healing their souls), communicate with the spirit world, and help souls into the afterlife through the practice of entering a trance. Approximately 45% of the population are Protestant and another 33% are Roman Catholic. Ethiopia was the first countryto adopt Christianity as a doctrine. Religion in Peru: Statistics . They are associated with the rise of cultural nationalism that spread through the country in the 1920s and 1930s. This area is approximately 83% of the area of Texas. It is supranational, and recognizes a hierarchical structure with the Pope, or Bishop of Rome, as its head, located at the Vatican. Indigenous churches were instrumental in the African struggle for independence. Kenya is a country on the East African coast of the Indian Ocean. Alawi faith: Another Shia sect of Islam, the name reflects followers' devotion to the religious authority of Ali. The main similarity of all Protestant churches is their rejection of Papal supremacy and the practices of the Roman Catholic Church. Confucianism: an ideology that humans are perfectible through self-cultivation and self-creation; developed from teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. Traditional African religions are rooted in having reverence for ancestors and natural phenomena. miles). Voodoo/Vodun: a form of spirit and ancestor worship combined with some Christian faiths, especially Catholicism. Approximately 80 percent of the population is Christian and 10 percent is Muslim. Kenya's national flag consists of three horizontal bands of black, green, and red, and contains a shield with crossed spears in the center. Respect for the kamis in nature is a key Shinto value. Approximately 70% of Kenyans are Christians (38% Protestant, 28% Catholic); In order to live an Islamic life, believers must follow the five pillars, or tenets, of Islam, which are the testimony of faith (shahada), daily prayer (salah), giving alms (zakah), fasting during Ramadan (sawm), and the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj). Kenya - Religion The US government estimates the total population at 44 million (July 2013 estimate). Chondogyo: or the religion of the Heavenly Way, is based on Korean shamanism, Buddhism, and Korean folk traditions, with some elements drawn from Christianity. Orthodox churches are highly nationalist and ethnic. 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